Endocrinology is defined as the study of how chemical messenger molecules, referred to as hormones, influence physiological processes. By definition, a hormone is a signaling molecule that is released into the bloodstream, where the hormone can then travel to distant target cells and tissues within the body. Along with the nervous system, the hormones of the endocrine system provide an important means by which information travels within the body. Test your basic knowledge of the endocrine system by taking this simple quiz.
(1) Another name for the anterior pituitary gland is __________.
(2) Another name for the posterior pituitary gland is __________.
(3) A __________ is a chemical messenger molecule released into the bloodstream, where it travels to distant target cells within the body to elicit a response.
(4) Steroid hormones are produced primarily by these endocrine glands:
(5) Corticosteroids are synthesized and released by the:
(6) A __________ is a chemical messenger molecule released to the external environment of an individual, where it travels by air or water to other members of the same species to elicit a response.
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Posted: Thursday, October 22, 2015 Last updated: Thursday, October 22, 2015