Endocrinology is defined as the study of how chemical messenger molecules, referred to as hormones, influence physiological processes. By definition, a hormone is a signaling molecule that is released into the bloodstream, where the hormone can then travel to distant target cells and tissues within the body. Along with the nervous system, the hormones of the endocrine system provide an important means by which information travels within the body. Test your basic knowledge of the endocrine system by taking this simple quiz.
(1) Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is produced by this cell type within the anterior pituitary gland:
(2) Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) is produced by this cell type within the anterior pituitary gland:
(3) Luteinizing hormone (LH) is produced by this cell type within the anterior pituitary gland:
(4) Another name for thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) is __________.
(5) Hypothalamic factors/hormones that reach the anterior pituitary are released in this region of the hypothalamus: